Mold is a kind of fungus, which has small organisms of different colors including white, black, green, purple, or orange. Outdoor mold plays vital role in nature. It breaks dead plants, leaves, and trees. They thrive in moist atmosphere. Mold spores are harmless in small amount but when they find a damp spot, they start to develop. During its development, mold spores get airborne, where anyone can easily inhale. If you or someone in your family is sensitive then inhaling large number of spores can trigger health issues.
- Red eyes,
- Runny nose
- Skin rash
Who are at risk?
- Infants and kids
- People with compromised immune system because of cancer, chemotherapy, HIV infection or liver disease
- People suffering from chronic lung disease
- People struggling with asthma
Where does mold develop?
- Laundry rooms
- Crawl spaces
Valuable tips to control mold
Mold growth needs moisture, so it is wise to decrease moisture within the house. If it is growing then apply mold removal techniques as well as fix issues causing the dampness. Just cleaning mold is not enough, if problem is not repaired the mold may possibly return.
Tips to reduce moisture in areas prone to wetness and mold development
Around the house
- Indoor humidity needs to be kept below 60%
- Use de-humidifiers
- Keep drip pan of AC clean and ensure that flow through drain lines is smooth without any obstruction.
- Keep home warm during cold weather because when temperature plummets, air cannot hold moisture and condenses on cool surfaces that encourages the growth of mold.
- Insulation needs to be added to cold surface like the floors, windows, and exterior walls to decrease condensation.
- Wet areas need to be dried within 48 hours.
- Repair leaks and seepage instantly.
In the kitchen
- Exhaust fans help to eliminate moisture, when you cook, clean or wash dishes.
- Regularly check refrigerator ice maker, kitchen sink and other water sources for leaks.
In crawl spaces or basements
- Cover dirt in the crawl spaces with plastic cover to avoid moisture coming from the ground. Dry any stagnant water or wet soil with fans prior covering.
- Have vents installed in the exterior wall [if necessary] to ensure that the crawl spaces are ventilated properly.
- In basements, paint concrete floors and use area rugs rather than wall-to-wall carpeting.
- Check basement floor for leaks or seeps. If detected repair them instantly to avoid humidity issue.
- Gutters need to work appropriately.
- Water from outdoor landscaping has to run away from your home and not towards it.
- Before insulating the basement, walls make sure that it is completely dry.
In laundry room
- Clothes dryer needs to be vented outside.
- Vent needs to be clear from obstruction like lint.
- Vent duct needs to be replaced, if there is damage.
- Clean the duct annually.
- Never leave damp clothes inside the dryer or laundry basket. Dry them instantly.
In the bathroom
- Exhaust fan installation needs to be in such a way that the moisture is thrown outside and not into the attic.
- Check around tubs and basins for leak and repair them promptly.
- While showering open the window.
- Never leave damp towels in laundry hamper or the floor.
- Use area rug, so that it can be washed often.
Stay away from mold growth using these preventive measures.